Hyundai Palisade: ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System / Troubleshooting

Hyundai Palisade (LX2) 2020-2024 Service Manual / Brake System / ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System / Troubleshooting

Failure Diagnosis
1.
In principle, ESP and TCS controls are prohibited in case of ABS failure.
2.
When ESP or TCS fails, only the failed system control is prohibited.
3.
However, when the solenoid valve relay should be turned off in case of ESP failure, refer to the ABS fail-safe.
4.
Information on ABS fail-safe is identical to the fail-safe in systems where ESP is not installed.
Memory of Fail Code
1.
It keeps the code as far as the backup lamp power is connected. (O)
2.
It keeps the code as far as the HCU power is on. (X)
Failure Checkup
1.
Initial checkup is performed immediately after the HECU power on.
2.
Valve relay checkup is performed immediately after the IG2 ON.
3.
It executes the checkup all the time while the IG2 power is on.
Countermeasures in Fail
1.
Turn the system down and perform the following actions and wait for HECU power OFF.
2.
Turn the valve relay off.
3.
Stop the control during the operation and do not execute any until the normal condition recovers.
Warning Lamp ON
1.
ESP warning lamp turn on for 3sec after IGN ON.
2.
ESP function lamp blinks when ESP Act.
3.
If ESP fail occured, ESP warning turns ON.
4.
ESP OFF lamp turn on in case of
ESP Switch OFF
3sec after IGN ON
Standard Flow of Diagnostic Troubleshooting

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Notes With Regard to Diagnosis
The phenomena listed in the following table are not abnormal.
Condition
Explanation
System check sound
When starting the engine, a thudding sound can sometimes be heard coming from inside the engine compartment. This is because the system operation check is being performed.
ABS operation sound
1)
Sound of the motor inside the ABS hydraulic unit operation (whine).
2)
Sound is generated along with vibration of the brake pedal (scraping).
3)
When ABS operates, sound is generated from the vehicle chassis due to repeated brake application and release (Thump : suspension; squeak : tires)
ABS operation (Long braking distance)
For road surfaces such as snow-covered and gravel roads, the braking distance for vehicles with ABS can sometimes be longer than that for other vehicles. Accordingly, advise the customer to drive safely on such roads by lowering the vehicle speed.

Inspection method
With the IGN OFF, set the IGN to ON position : If the ABS/Brake Warning Light illuminates and distinguishes after 3 seconds, the warning lamp and ABS system are all normal.
1.
If the Warning Light does not illuminate when IGN is set to ON position
(1)
Remove the ABS ECU connecter (located in the engine room).
(2)
Set the IGN to ON position.
(3)
If the ABS/Brake Warning Light does not illuminate: The failure is related to the Warning Light. Check the instrument cluster and wiring.
(4)
If the ABS/Brake Warning Light illuminates and stays on :
The Warning Light is normal and judged to be failure of the VDC system. Inspect the VDC system using GDS.
2.
If the Warning Light does not distinguish after its illumination when IGN is set to ON position.
(1)
Self-diagnose using GDS.
(2)
Record fault code.
(3)
Self-diagnose after erasing the fault code.
(4)
If the result of self-diagnosis is normal after erasing the fault code :
Set the IGN to OFF, then to ON position and check whether the Warning Light operates normally.
(5)
If the result of self-diagnosis continues to display error after erasing the fault code :
Check according to the inspection sheet of the fault code.
3.
Even if the Warning Light and VDC system are all normal, erase all the memorized fault codes using GDS (if there is no memorized fault code, record the fault code).
Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting   
1)
When removing or engaging all the connectors set the IGN to OFF position.
2)
During the driving test, record on the inspection sheet when the Warning Light illuminates or every time any event is occurred.
ABS Check Sheet

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Problem Symptoms Table
Symptom
Suspect Area
ABS does not operate.
Only when 1 - 4 are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the HECU.
1)
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2)
Power source circuit.
3)
Speed sensor circuit.
4)
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
ABS does not operate intermittently.
Only when 1 - 4 are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the ABS actuator assembly.
1)
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2)
Wheel speed sensor circuit.
3)
Stop lamp switch circuit.
4)
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.
Communication with GDS is not possible. (Communication with any system is not possible)
1)
Power source circuit
2)
CAN line
Communication with GDS is not possible. (Communication with ABS only is not possible)
1)
Power source circuit
2)
CAN line
3)
HECU
When ignition key is turned ON (engine OFF), the ABS warning lamp does not light up.
1)
ABS warning lamp circuit
2)
HECU
Even after the engine is started, the ABS warning lamp remains ON.
1)
ABS warning lamp circuit
2)
HECU

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting   
During ABS operation, the brake pedal may vibrate or may not be able to be depressed. Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.
Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
Faulty power source circuit
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the DTC code is output.
3.
Is the DTC code output?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the power source circuit.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the power source circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is the voltage within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the ground circuit.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (7.5A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module. Repair if necessary.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Check the ground circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 13, 38 of the ESP control module harness side connector and ground point.
Is there continuity?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair an open in the wire and ground point.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normal?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.
2.
Is it normal?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
Faulty power source circuit
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the DTC code is output.
3.
Is the DTC code output?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normal?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the stop lamp switch circuit.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the stop lamp switch circuit
1.
Check that stop lamp lights up when brake pedal is depressed and turns off when brake pedal is released.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal 23 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground when brake pedal is depressed.
Specification : approximately B+
Is the voltage within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair the stop lamp switch. Repair an open in the wire between the ESP control module and the stop lamp switch.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspection leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is it normal?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Possible defect in the power supply system (including ground) for the diagnosis line.
An open in the wire
Poor ground
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check The Power Supply Circuit For The Diagnosis
1.
Measure the voltage between terminal 16 of the data link connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is voltage within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair an open in the wire. Check and replace fuse from the engine compartment junction block.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 4 of the data link connector and body ground.
Is there continuity?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair an open in the wire between terminal 4 of the data link connector and ground point.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When communication with GDS is not possible, the cause may be probably an open in the HECU power circuit or an open in the diagnosis output circuit.
An open in the wire
Faulty HECU
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check for Continuity in the CAN Line
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 26, 14 of the ESP control module connector and 3, 11 of the data link connector.
3.
Is there continuity?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the power source of ESP control module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair an open in the wire.

Check the power source of ESP control module
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 29 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+
Is voltage within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check for poor ground.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module.Repair if necessary.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Check for poor ground
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 4 of the data link connector and ground point.
2.
Is the electric current applied between groundings?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Replace the ESP control module and recheck.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair an open in the wire or poor ground

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When current flows in the HECU the ABS warning lamp turns from ON to OFF as the initial check. Therefore if the lamp does not light up, the cause may be an open in the lamp power supply circuit, a blown bulb, an open in the both circuits between the ABS warning lamp and the HECU, and the faulty HECU.
Faulty ABS warning lamp bulb
Blown fuse is related to ABS in the engine compartment junction block
Faulty ABS warning lamp damaged
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Problem verification
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Does the ABS warning lamp light up?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Inspectagain after replacing the ESP HECU.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp.

Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal (M08) 39 of the cluster harness side connector and body ground.
Specification : approximately B+

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

3.
Is voltage within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check for blown fuse.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M08) 32 and 33 of the cluster harness side connector.
Specification : 60Ω

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

3.
Is resistance within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 32 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 33 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ESP HECU harness side.
Specification : Below 1Ω
3.
Is resistance within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair short of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair open of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
If the HECU detects trouble, it lights the ABS warning lamp while at the same time prohibiting ABS control. At this time, the HECU records a DTC in memory. Even though the normal code is output, the ABS warning lamp remains ON, then the cause may be probably an open or short in the ABS warning lamp circuit.
An open in the wire
Faulty instrument cluster assembly
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Check DTC Output
1.
Connect the GDS to the 16P data link connector located behind the driver's side kick panel.
2.
Check the DTC output using GDS.
3.
Is DTC output?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Perform the DTC troubleshooting procedure (Refer to DTC troubleshooting).

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M08) 32 and 33 of the cluster harness side connector.
Specification : 60Ω

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

3.
Is resistance within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M08) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 32 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 26 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M08) 33 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 14 of ESP HECU harness side.
Specification : Below 1Ω
3.
Is resistance within specification?

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair short of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Hyundai Palisade. Troubleshooting

▶ Repair open of wiring between terminal 26, 14 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

    Schematic diagrams

    Circuit Diagram Terminal Function PIN No Desciption Current Max Min 1 Voltage supply for pump motor 39A 10 MΩ 2 RR EPB motor power 30A 10 MΩ 3 RR EPB motor ground 30A 10 MΩ 4 Clutch stroke sensor signal - - 5 Local CAN High 30 mA - 6 Electric parking brake signal 1 20 mA 250 MΩ 7 Electric parking brake signal 2 20 mA 250 MΩ 8 Electric parking brake signal 3 20 mA 250 MΩ 9 Electric parking brake signal 4 20 mA 250 MΩ 10 - - 250 MΩ 11 - - - 12 RL EPB motor ground 30A - 13 RL EPB motor power 30A 10 MΩ 14 Ground for solenoid valves and ECU 30A 10 MΩ 15 - - 10 MΩ 16 - - 250 MΩ 17 ESP OFF switch signal 16...

    ESP Control Module

    Components and components location Components 1. Front - right (FR) 2. Rear - left (RL) 3. Rear - right (RR) 4. Front - left (FL) 5...

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